Heart Disease and Diabetes

Heart Disease and Diabetes

If you have diabetes, you are 2 to 4 times more likely to develop heart disease or stroke than people without diabetes. Here are some tips to help you control your diabetes and help reduce your risk of heart disease:

  • Talk to your doctor about setting goals for controlling your ABCs: A1C (average blood sugar over the last 2-3 months), blood pressure, and cholesterol. Check out the ABCs of Diabetes Management for more information on ABC management and goal-setting
  • Talk with your doctor about incorporating physical activity into your daily routine and setting realistic weight loss or weight maintenance goals
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy
  • Watch your carbohydrate and sugar intake to help meet your A1C goal, cut back on salt to help achieve blood pressure control, and limit your saturated fat intake to help achieve cholesterol goals
  • Do you smoke? If so, talk to your doctor about ways to quit
  • Talk to your doctor about medications that you can take to help manage your ABCs


Etie Moghissi, MD, FACP, FACE

Dr. Etie Moghissi is a clinical endocrinologist involved in patient care in private practice in Marina del Rey, California, as well as an associate clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Endocrinology and is a member of the board of trustees of the American Collage of Endocrinology.

As a clinical endocrinologist, I treat a number of people with type 2 diabetes and know that managing the disease can be a difficult undertaking. The initial diagnosis is often overwhelming and many patients do not realize that high blood sugar levels over time can lead to serious long-term complications.

That’s why I’m working on the Blood Sugar Basics: Get to Your Goals program to provide you with clear tools and missions that encourage you to know your A1C and talk to your diabetes healthcare team (including your primary care provider, endocrinologist, and/or diabetes educator) about setting and attaining your blood sugar goals.

By working with your diabetes healthcare team, you can develop an individualized treatment plan and learn more about how lifestyle changes, such as meal planning and physical activity, and medication, when prescribed, all play key roles in helping you reach your A1C goal and blood sugar goals. For more advice about type 2 diabetes management and the importance of teaming up with your doctor, click here.

I am very excited about Get to Your Goals and hope that you find it to be a helpful resource. I know how important it is for people with type 2 diabetes to work with their diabetes healthcare team to set personal goals and a plan for achieving them, and that’s exactly where you’ll start with the first mission of Get to Your Goals – Gather Intelligence.